Academic Institution Partnership Hydrogeological Survey of Somalia Despite groundwater being the main source of water for humans, agriculture and livestock, there is neither a hydrogeological map nor a sound policy for groundwater management and exploration in Somalia. SWALIM undertook a quantitative and updated assessment of the groundwater resources of Somaliland and Puntland and the set-up of a system for groundwater level monitoring. Read more Supporting sustainable water resource management The development of new groundwater sources in Somalia is fraught with challenges. Read more Sustainable water use Water is Life! SWALIM project has developed systems for monitoring surface and groundwater in Somalia to support planning, development and sustainable exploitation of the scarce and valuable water resources in the country. SWALIM seeks to strengthen these three dimensions together in order to put in place a viable capability for sustainable water and land resource management within Somali institutions. Up-to-date Information about these resources ensures informed decisions on their management and utilization, subsequently guaranteeing they will remain for the welfare of future generations. Information extracted from satellite images are essential for informed land planning, consistent natural resources assessment, disaster early warning and management, and other tasks.
A non-trivial number of Georgian-speakers are also at least partly assimilated, the Ajaria region of southwestern Armenia having been created as a homeland for Muslim Georgians with ethnically related Laz nearby in northeastern Turkey. The ethnic cleansing of Greeks and Armenians from modern Turkey and, I need not add, of Turks and Muslims from modern Greece and Armenia was an inevitable product of the nationalist wars of independence that hit southeastern Europe and the Black Sea region starting with Greece and becoming worse with the various wars in the north Caucasus and Balkans in the s and s.
Absent the various ethnic cleansings and genocides, there probably still would be very large Greek and Armenian populations in Anatolia and Istanbul. The result was that the Turkic language became dominant in Anatolia, but aside from that, not much changed. Doug McDonald positioned all members after they sent him their raw data. Notice how close Assyrians and Turks are.
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She is by far our top requested celebrity. Often times, with the media running wild on just the gossip, other relevant or interesting aspects of celebrities lives get overlooked. So, for this interview, we will ask her questions related to her Armenian heritage and history in hopes to find out just a bit more about the subject. Kim on the Armenian Genocide Along with the success of her many projects and ventures, she is a consummate doner to charity.
Kim is a Dream Foundation ambassador which grants last wishes to terminally ill adults and does regular sales on Ebay to generate donations for the charity. So without further ado here is our interview with Kim, asking the questions we felt our readers most wanted to know the answers to. We hope you enjoy it! Hello Kim, thanks for taking time out of your busy schedule to answer a few questions.
First of all, how are you and what are you up to? There is a ton of information about you, but one small fact remains unanswered. We are hoping you can shed some light on your Armenian background and how it has shaped your life. I am 4th generation Armenian, born and raised in Los Angeles.
The French were in no doubt, even way back, that Armenians would play an important role in the future. The Crusaders were a glorious turning point. Political and commercial links flourished between the French and Armenians. First of all there were blood ties, stretching right up to almost the royal palaces.
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The region has large areas of gentle slopes with agricultural land and the town that is overlooked by a fortress. Thanks to abundant deposits of clay in the area, ceramics were made here in large quantities in Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times and the traditional techniques of this art have survived to the present day. James Cathedral in Jerusalem and for many other newly built and repaired mosques and churches.
Towards the middle of the century, the range of colors used expanded with the addition of manganese purple and its increasingly dark tones. Cups, mugs, coffee pots, teapots, bowls, jars, jugs, ewers, plates, dishes, basins, water flasks and sprinklers, trays, vases, saucers, writing sets, ink pots, hanging lamps and ornaments, figurines, tiles and many other ceramic forms, constitute a rich and elegant pottery production, which meets the needs of the communities of the Ottoman Empire and the Mediterranean.
Furthermore the social requirements for the newly introduced drinking of tea, coffee and chocolate led the potters to copy some European shapes besides money boxes modeled into small coffer shapes. The pieces dating from this period have a white or cream colored paste, white slip and transparent glaze. The motifs are painted underglaze in green, turquoise and yellow, cobalt blue and, from the mid th century onwards, manganese purple, with motifs being outlined in black.
Ewers and jugs of various shapes and sizes are decorated with cypress tree motifs in relief, circular crosshatched medallions and floral scrolls worked in free brushstrokes. There were also Christian potters of Greek origin. That is the reason for the numerous Christian themes many of them with inscriptions in Armenian or Greek depicting saints, angels, scenes from the New and Old Testament, motifs relating to the Christian liturgy and hanging ornaments egg-shaped or spherical with crosses and seraphims.
The ewer with bulbous body is painted in shades of blue and cobalt with a tall spout rising above the level of the rim and a handle in the shape of an open-mouthed dragon.
City Guide: Yerevan, Armenia
Armenian is the offical language of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, and has official status as a minority language in Cyprus, Poland and Romania. Until the the early s schools in Armenian taught in either Armenian or Russian, however after the collapse of the USSR, Armenian became the main medium of instruction and the Russian-medium schools were closed.
In Russian language education was reintroduced in Armenia [ source ].
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A controversial hypothesis put forward by some scholars, such as T. Ivanov, has proposed that the Indo-European homeland was around the Armenian Highland. Hamp in his Indo-European family tree, groups. Ancient Greek scholars, such as Herodotus writing circa BC , suggest that the Phrygians of western Anatolia , who spoke an Indo-European language, had also made a contribution to the ethnogenesis of the Armenians: This appears to imply that some Phrygians migrated eastward to Armenia following the destruction of Phrygia by a Cimmerian invasion in the late 7th century BC.
Greek scholars also believed that the Phrygians had originated in the Balkans , in an area adjoining Macedonia, from where they had emigrated to Anatolia many centuries earlier. In Hamp’s view the homeland of the proposed Greco-Armenian subgroup is the northeast coast of the Black Sea and its hinterlands. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenian people.
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The Armenian Brotherhood of St. James in Jerusalem dates back to the 7th century AD. Being the first people to adopt Christianity as a national religion, it should come as no surprise that Armenians made their way early on to celebrate the traditions of the places where Jesus lived and performed miracles. There are even indications of Armenian religious life in the Holy Land from about fifty years before Armenia itself became Christian, traditionally in AD.
Approximately 3 million Armenians live within the boundaries of their own country, while another 7 million live in the diaspora. That means one-third of Armenians shape their culture from abroad. Christianity is likely the most important cultural glue of the Armenians for two reasons. Therefore, Ararat is the center of historic Armenia. Second, Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity in A. Here, my mission is to provide a small tour of the Armenian enclaves I found within California.
Garabed Armenian Apostolic Church , an architecturally impressive structure with beautiful stained glass built in Armenian has its own alphabet with close associations to the Balkan languages. The oldest surviving text in the Armenian language is a 5th century Bible translation. Also, visitors are welcome to shop at the Armenian markets or have a bite at the Armenian restaurants. The district, interestingly, blends into Thai Town, which has the largest community of Thai who live outside of Thailand.
The church was established in and boasts two khachkars Cross Rocks made of touf stone imported from Armenia. Peter Armenian Apostolic Church , which emphasizes youth programs. They were farmers, but also contributed to the entire economy of the region.
The eastern half of the walled city depicted here Sur , was leveled in — during the Kurdish—Turkish conflict. The western half is currently being demolished. The earliest reference to the city comes from Assyrian records which identify it as being the capital of the Aramean kingdom of Bit-Zamani ca. The city was later reduced to being a province of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Later, the Romans colonized the city and named it Amida , after the earlier name Amid.
However the origins of the name Hayastan trace back to much earlier dates and were first attested in circa 5th century in the works of Agathangelos ,   Faustus of Byzantium ,   Ghazar Parpetsi ,  Koryun ,  and Sebeos. He relates that the people spoke a language that to his ear sounded like the language of the Persians. Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: History of Armenia Antiquity Main articles: There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about BC.
Archaeological surveys in and at the Areni-1 cave complex have resulted in the discovery of the world’s earliest known leather shoe ,  skirt,  and wine-producing facility. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenians. Yerevan is the world’s oldest city to have documented the exact date of its foundation. During the late 6th century BC, the first geographical entity that was called Armenia by neighbouring populations was established under the Orontid Dynasty within the Achaemenid Empire , as part of the latters’ territories.
The kingdom became fully sovereign from the sphere of influence of the Seleucid Empire in BC under King Artaxias I and begun the rule of the Artaxiad dynasty. In the next centuries, Armenia was in the Persian Empire ‘s sphere of influence during the reign of Tiridates I , the founder of the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia , which itself was a branch of the Parthian Empire. Throughout its history, the kingdom of Armenia enjoyed both periods of independence and periods of autonomy subject to contemporary empires.
Armenian Superstitions, Old Wives Tales, and Folk Beliefs
A bit hot-tempered but open-hearted and good-natured, Armenians are famous for their kindness and hospitality, respect for adults, strong family values and gentle attitude to children. Almost all the tourists traveling around Armenia mention these remarkable features and for a long time keep in memory the warm communication with locals. Of course, as in any other country, Armenia has its own nuances of the right behavior which should be taken into account by foreigners to feel as comfortable as possible.
Greeting and farewell Undoubtedly, the question of greeting and farewell traditions always interests tourists.
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White Men that Love Black Women: Their Reasons Why Updated on September 25, more Prince Maximilian and Princess Angela of Liechtenstein White men and black women dating is nothing new, but it isn’t a topic that gets delved into often. In this hub we talk to two white men that love black women they are in committed relationships with. They give us the reasons why they love their women so much and why they went black. We also talk to the ladies and find out why they chose their white men.
As if we really needed reasons — but let’s dive in! Steve and Tasha Steve is a year-old account executive in Manhattan and Tasha is a year-old social worker. They met at a party with mutual friends in SoHo. Steve said that he felt a spark with Tasha early on — something that appealed to his manhood. I like the fact that she leans on me, that she needs me.
Little Armenia Chat
Share The English term, according to the Ven. Bede De temporum ratione, I, v , relates to Estre, a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring, which deity, however, is otherwise unknown, even in the Edda Simrock, Mythol. April was called easter-monadh. The Greek term for Easter, pascha , has nothing in common with the verb paschein , “to suffer,” although by the later symbolic writers it was connected with it; it is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew pesach transitus , passover.
The Greeks called Easter the pascha anastasimon ; Good Friday the pascha staurosimon.
Almost no one minds, except for a few groups on the fringes of American Evangelicalism, who seem to think that this makes Christmas itself a pagan festival. Tighe A Mistake The idea that the date was taken from the pagans goes back to two scholars from the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Dom Jean Hardouin, a Benedictine monk, tried to show that the Catholic Church adopted pagan festivals for Christian purposes without paganizing the gospel.
In the Julian calendar, created in 45 B. There were two temples of the sun in Rome, one of which maintained by the clan into which Aurelian was born or adopted celebrated its dedication festival on August 9th, the other of which celebrated its dedication festival on August 28th. But both of these cults fell into neglect in the second century, when eastern cults of the sun, such as Mithraism, began to win a following in Rome.
Click on countries to reveal more information about them. When the Second World War ended last century, Europe’s leaders decided to work together to resolve their problems. They wanted to put an end to fighting once and for all, so that people could rebuild their lives and create new and better ways to support themselves and trade with each other.
Armenian Dating: Guidelines For Dating Armenian Women Armenian dating tips #1: A date might be difficult to obtain. If you are into an Armenian woman and want to ask her out, be ready to go through hard times when trying to get a date with her.
Dating an Armenian Man or Woman: Advice and What to Armenian Folk Beliefs About Sex Girls and women should not look out of the windows of their houses because it signals sexual wantonness to men. No one is able to dissect whether this belief comes from old-fashioned modesty or from living around Muslim peoples in the Ottoman Empire. But if a girl or woman looked out of a window that faced a public road where male passers-by might be, she could be sending a signal if a male passer-by caught her eye.
Giving a male eye contact gave a signal that she flirting and available. And if a male spread a rumor that a man’s daughter was looking at him from her window, it could cause a town scandal, which no good family could afford to have when they wanted to marry their daughter off properly. A girl altering her appearance to look more beautiful means she is signaling to men her availability for sex.
This was especially true for Armenian girls because they were to remain modest and desire-free for their future husband. Putting on makeup or changing one’s hairstyle meant she was trying to attract the attention of the opposite sex, which was not appropriate at all Blood should be on the sheets on the wedding night to signal the bride was a virgin and to prove the husband is sexually capable. This practice was common in not only Armenian people, but also Greeks, Jews, and some Muslim peoples.